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Settimio Stallone

Professor at the University of Naples Federico II

Settimio Stallone is a Professor of International History at the Department of Political Science of the University of Naples Federico II (where he directs the Bachelor’s degree in Political science and the Master’s degree in International relations and scenario analysis) and the Academy of Italian Air Force. He taught at the Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples, the University of Lecce, and the Higher School of Public Administration. He is an associate researcher at the Institute of Mediterranean Studies of the CNR. Member of research programs of national interest, he coordinates international agreements with Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Moldavian, and Ukrainian universities. In his research, he has focused his attention on Italian foreign policy in Eastern Europe, with particular reference to the Cold War years. He is working on a monograph on political, economic, and cultural relations between Italy and Albania from 1949 to 1991. Among his publications: Minister in Saint Petersburg. Italian diplomats and diplomacy in Russia (1861-1870) (2006); Proofs of Adriatic diplomacy: Italy and Albania, 1944-1949 (2006); Return to Tirana (2011); Italo-Albanian relations between Cold War and hypothesis of normalization (2014); So close, so far (2017); A hope that was not there (2018); Realism and diplomacy. The Greek-Albanian rapprochement of 1967-1974 (2019); An Italian success. Operation Alba (2019). The unfinished friendship (2021); In the country of the forgotten God’s Army (2021). The Nixon presidency and the origins of Global Value Chains. An interpretative proposal (2022). Between Atlantic ambitions and European integration: post-communist Albania in the 2000s (2023).

A real threat or a wonderful opportunity? Artificial Intelligence for the well-being of the world community: the initiatives of the UN system and their geopolitical impact

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has recently gained attention from not only experts but also public institutions, politicians, and the general public. While some are attracted to the potential of AI, others consider it a threat to our society's stability, highlighting risks regarding a possible impoverishment of human thought. Governments have implemented policies that are both cautious about protecting individual privacy and consumer rights, but also enthusiastic about AI's applications in science, technology, and military fields. In this context, characterized by a strong and endless evolution, that is generating strong effects on geopolitical balance and assets, international actors certainly cannot remain passive when facing this epochal change. More specifically, international organizations have taken a quite mature approach and are using AI as a resource to achieve a vast number of objectives, such as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which promote human well-being in various aspects of life, such as material well-being, relationships, emotional and physical health, work, recreation, community interactions, and personal safety. The United Nations (UN) SDGs will be positively impacted by AI in many fields, such as technology sharing, policy research, open-source infrastructures, defining of common ethics and governance of AI, developing of common applications, and digital cooperation. However, some scholars think that there may be negative effects as well, particularly considering the differences that exist between countries in resources, capabilities, funds, democracy, transparency, and - last but not least - cultural values. For this reason, AI-enabled technology surely can help the UN to achieve its goals more easily and quickly, but could also trigger inequalities, acting as an inhibitor toward the realization of some targets. This speech aims to focus on the actions that the United Nations system, both the Organization itself and its technical agencies, has recently adopted to use AI as a resource for the achievement of a series of objectives set when information technology did not offer current possibilities. In this sense, some goals, previously commonly and positively accepted by the world community, due to the relevance acquired by AI in today’s international system and the new circumstances that it is producing in proceedings, plans, actions, and schedules can - at the same time – strengthen some actors and have a deep influence on geopolitical factors.

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