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Laura Palazzani

Professor at LUMSA University, Rome

Laura Palazzani is Professor of Philosophy of Law, Lumsa University of Rome; she was a member (2002-2018) and vice president (2008-2022) of the National Bioethics Committee of Italy; Member of the European Group of Ethics in Science and New Technologies, European Commission (since 2011); Representative of the Italian delegation to the Bioethics Committee, Council of Europe (since 2014); Member of the Unesco International Bioethics Committee (since 2016).

The role of ethics in the future regulation of AI

In the context of the pluralist ethical discussion, some orientations emerge: on the one hand, the technophile attitude on libertarian and utilitarian bases, open and optimistic in the face of any type of development and use of AI, and on the other, the technophobic attitude based on precautionary principle understood as abstention from the use of technology that in principle could harm a human being, fearing the threat of certain developments and applications 'beyond' man, such as dehumanization and dehumanization. In the intermediate position, a balanced and prudent reflection emerges - a sort of minimum common shared ethics - elaborated through interdisciplinary and dialectical reflections in the context of committees on ethics of technologies (at national, continental and global level), which seeks to avoid raising excessive hopes , but also excessive fears, adopting an attitude of caution, so as not to hinder techno-scientific progress and at the same time guarantee a human-centric development respectful of fundamental human rights and values, such as human dignity, freedom, responsibility, justice, equality and non-discrimination.

An important role today is outlined by the Opinions drawn up by the National Bioethics Committees, by the Committees of Ethics applied to technologies in Europe (at the European Commission and the Council of Europe), and at an international level (UNESCO). The intervention will focus attention on the role of these documents that propose recommendations to States for regulation. The intervention will focus attention on the emerging ethical elements with particular attention to meaningful human control, the reliability of technologies, explainability, transparency and non-opacity, privacy, autonomy and responsibility, justice and equity, equality and non-discrimination.

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