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Alessandro Politi

Director, NDCF (NATO Defense College Foundation)

Alessandro Politi is Director of the NATO Defense College Foundation, the only NATO-recognised NGO think tank. Being a global political and strategic analyst with 30 years of experience, he teaches geopolitics and intelligence at the SIOI. He teaches conflict management, crisis, peace-making and analysis at different governmental centres. His most recent hearings at the House Foreign and the House Defence Committee were on future orientations of the Italian foreign policy and European armaments co-operation. He has been senior researcher for the Italian MoD (CeMiSS-Centre for Military and Strategic Studies) regarding the strategic monitoring of Latin America. He also created and has led the Global Outlook project within CeMiSS, recently published in Italian and English (third edition, 2015).  He was WEF Global Shapers facilitator and TEDxLUISS speaker. He has directed the CEMRES research on CBMs in the framework of the 5+5 Defence Initiative, presenting the conclusions to the Ministers in Granada. He has been acting director of a private School of Intelligence Analysis. He has been advisor in Italy and abroad to four Defence ministers (among which the actual President of the Italian Republic, Hon. Mattarella), one National Armaments Director, one Intelligence Co-ordinator, one Chairman of the Oversight Intelligence Committee, one Head of the Italian delegation to the NATO Parliamentary Assembly. Born in Germany, lives in Luxembourg. He has published as author or co-author 50 books on strategic and security matters. His most recent book was a geopolitical biography on Chancellor Angela Merkel.



NATO’s Strategic Concept and AI: possible future implications


The NATO Strategic Concept clearly identifies emerging and disruptive technologies in:

  • para 17 “Emerging and disruptive technologies bring both opportunities and risks. They are altering the character of conflict, acquiring greater strategic importance and becoming key arenas of global competition. Technological primacy increasingly influences success on the battlefield.” and 


  • para 24 “We will expedite our digital transformation, adapt the NATO Command Structure for the information age and enhance our cyber defences, networks and infrastructure. We will promote innovation and increase our investments in emerging and disruptive technologies to retain our interoperability and military edge. We will work together to adopt and integrate new technologies, cooperate with the private sector, protect our innovation ecosystems, shape standards and commit to principles of responsible use that reflect our democratic values and human rights.” 


The political, diplomatic, strategic and military implications are quite vast and complex. Regarding the three first baskets, the following questions emerge:

  • Principles and standards can be negotiated and applied in a verifiable way by major powers and hence globally? Can the NPT provide some useful precedents? UN may have its distinctive role, but can other formats be used for specific aspects?


  • How far can AI applications be limited in their military use? 


  • To what extent AI should be considered and managed as a common good?


Regarding the military basket, major questions emerge on the way conventional and nuclear deterrence are managed, even more so when hypersonic weapons are able to cut to 15 min. flight times to the target.

The aim is to strengthen a shared global security architecture, following the NATO cooperative security method, in order to avoid catastrophic conflicts and reduce more limited ones.

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